There are a lot of diseases out there that can affect your pet from the mildest cold to the sudden paralysis and death. To ensure your pet’s health, here is some information about the most common illnesses seen in domestic dogs and encountered in veterinary clinics.
Kidney, Joint and Dental Problems. Kidney and joint issues normally manifest in old dogs but there are also causes where they can be genetic and specific to the breed of your dog. Proper exercise and good quality dog food complete with vitamins and minerals will surely give your dog protection. Dental ailments, on the other hand, can be prevented while the animal is young. Brushing at least twice a day with doggie toothpaste can delay the dental disease onset. You may also discuss regular dental prophylaxis cleaning with your vet.
Flea and tick borne diseases and Heart-worm. Arthropod carried diseases include Ehrlichiosis, Babesiosis and Hepatozoonosis. These parasites can cause anemia and weakness in your dog which can lead to other cardiovascular problems. Prevent this may using anti-flea and tick products and regular cleaning of carpets and mats in the house. Heart worm is carried by mosquitoes and effects are seen in the dog’s breathing because clogged worms are causing lower oxygen in the system. There are a wide variety of heart worm preventive medications. Ask your vet about them.
Rabies, Distemper and Parvovirus. Rabies and distemper area neurological diseases that cause irregular movements such as head tilting, kicking and uncontrollable temperament. These are all viral diseases which when contacted are hard to treat. Vaccines are available and are required to be given for puppies 2-3 months of age. Parvo, on the other hand, causes erosion in the small intestine leading to profuse bloody diarrhea which is often fatal to young pups.
Diabetes and Obesity. Diabetes is usually genetic in nature for young dogs while old age can also play a role in the development of this disease. Sweet smelling urine with thirst and increased urination are common signs. Obesity is the number one serious illness of dogs usually caused by overeating and less exercised lifestyle. Both can be prevented by proper diet and early recognition of clinical signs.