Different Types of Dog Mange

Skin problems in dogs are common cases presented in veterinary clinics. These are medical issues which demand long term and dedicated treatment from the owner. The problem with dermatological diseases is they tend to resolve quickly but once the treatment is stopped, they recur with a more aggressive nature. This is the reason why treatment needs to continue on for months or sometimes even years, supplemented by skin vitamins. Mange is one skin problem which entails a dedicated and persistent treatment regimen. There 3 common types: Sarcoptic, Demodectic and Otodectic Mange.
Sarcoptic and Demodectic mange look very much alike – with thinning, darkening and drying of skin, scratching, and wounds which are commonly seen on the neck, legs and abdomen. To diagnose them, a skin scraping is done where the skin is literally scraped until bleeding is observed and the debris and examined under the microscope. If little cigarette shaped mites are seen, this is definitive Demodectic mange while stout and circular mites indicate Sarcoptic mange. Sarcoptic mange is contagious to dogs and even to humans; however, they easily respond to treatment. Demodectic mange, on the other hand is not contagious because these mites are normal inhabitants of the canine skin. They only proliferate and become evident when the dog is unhealthy, stressed and harboring a systemic disease. Otodectic mange is found on the ears where they invade the skin and proliferate in the ear canal. Ear shaking and discharges accompany the infection where there are brown and crusty dried exudates. Sometimes, Otodectic mange can be confused with Sarcoptic mange because Sarcoptic mange also has a tendency to affect the ear tips. Skin scraping and ear swabs must be done to identify the culprit.
In treating manges, the owner must remember to give the medications as the vet has prescribed, never miss a dose or treatment and give the necessary vitamins that will aid wound healing. It is also important to keep the dog’s environment clean and dry all the time. Mange can lead to secondary bacterial infection when scratching is not controlled. To prevent this, Elizabethan collars and tshirts are used to keep the dog from seeing his skin and wounds, and avoid too much scratching.

Leave a Reply

Please use your real name instead of you company name or keyword spam.